شه‌ممه‌ , ئازار 25 2023

بۆ ڕۆژژمــێری كـــۆچــی دانرا

ئارام مەجید عەلی
یەكێكی دیكە لەساڵە گرنگەكان لەجیهانی ئیسلامیدا بوونی هەیە و بەكاردەهێنرێت ڕۆژژمێری كۆچی یان ساڵنامەی كۆچیە، بەعەرەبی (التقویم الهجری)ی پێدەوترێت، ڕۆژژمێری ئیسلامی كەڕۆژژمێری مانگی (قەمەری)ەو بەگشتی بەڕۆژژمێری كۆچی ناسراوە، پشت بەخولانەوەی مانگ دەبەستێت بەدەوری زەویداو هیچ پەیوەندیەكی بەساڵی خۆریەوە نیە، ساڵی مانگی واتە ئەو ماوەیەی كەمانگ لە (هیلال)ی خۆیەوە دەورێكی تەواوی خۆی لەماوەی 29 ڕۆژ و 12 كاتژمێر و (44) خولەك و2.8032چركە دەپێوێت، بەمەش كۆی ڕۆژەكانی ساڵی مانگی لەباری ئاسایدا (354) ڕۆژ و (6)كاتژمێر و(48)خولەك و(36)چركەو لەباری كەبیسەدا(پڕ) 355ڕۆژ دەبێت، ئەم ڕۆژژمێرە بۆ دیاریكردنی (ڕۆژ و مانگ و ساڵ)ی كۆچی كەلەسەرەتای كۆچی پێغەمبەرەوە(ص) لەمەكەوە بۆ مەدینە دەست پێدەكات موسوڵمانان لەهەموو شوێنێك بەكاریدەهێنن بەتایبەت بۆ دیاریكردنی بۆنە ئاینیەكان.
ساڵی كۆچی یەكێكە لەساڵە پڕبایەخەكان لەمێژووی ئیسلام و مسوڵماناندا، بڕیاری كۆچ لەلایەن پێغەمبەر(ص) بڕیارێكی مێژوویی بوو، چونكە موسڵمانان مێژووەكەیان بەساڵی لەدایك بوون و بەڕۆژی هاتنە خوارەوەی وەحی و بەڕۆژی كۆچی دوایی و پێغەمبەر دەست پێناكات، بەڵكو بەو ڕۆژە دەست پێدەكات كە پێغەمبەر(ص) لەتەمەنی(53)ساڵیدا لەمەكەوە بۆ مەدینە كۆچی كرد، ئەمەش ڕێكەوتێكی گرنگە لەمێژووی موسڵمانانداو دواتر بەساڵی كۆچی ناسێنرا.
ڕووداو ومانگەكانی سەردەمی نەفامی وەك ڕۆژژمێر بەكاردەهاتن:
ئەوەی گرنگە ئاماژەی پێبكرێت ئەوەیە عەرەب لەپێش ئیسلامدا ڕۆژژمێر(تقویم)ی زۆریان هەبووە و كاریان پێكردوە ئەوانەش لێكدەرەوەی ڕۆژ و مانگ بوون بەبێ ئاماژەدان بەتۆماری ژمارەیی بۆ دیاری كردنی بەدوایەكدا هاتنی ساڵەكان، بەڵكو ئاماژەیان دەدا بەساڵەكان بەپێی ئەو ناوانەی كەڕووداوی گرنگ و دیاریان تێدا ڕوویداوەو كۆمەڵێك ڕووداویان وەك مێژوو دیاریكردوە وەك:(ڕووخانی سەدی مەئرەب (أنهیار سد المأرب)، شەڕی خراپكاران (حرب الفجار)، ناوی سەرۆك هۆزەكان، بومەلەرزە)، بەناوبانگترین ساڵ لای خەڵكی مەكە و ئەو هۆزانەی سەربەئەوان بوون بەكاریان دەهێنا ساڵی فیل (عام الفیل) بوو. بەم شێوەیە عەرەب تا پێش هاتنی ئاینی پیرۆزی ئیسلام كاریان بە(ساڵی فیل)دەكردو تەنانەت تا سەردەمی پەیامبەری ئیسلامیش كاركراوە بەساڵ و ئەو ڕووداوانەی وەك ساڵ دیاری كراون لەسەردەمی نەفامیدا و دواتریش لەسەردەمی موسوڵمانانیش سوودی لێوەرگیراوە، لەو سەردەمەدا ساڵنامە وەك ژمارە و مانگ و هاتنی ساڵەكان بەدوای یەك بونی نەبووە و هەر تیرەیەك بۆخۆی ناوی مانگەكانی بەجیا بەكاردەهێنا، ئەویش وەك ساڵنامەی ئێستا نەبوو ڕۆژ و مانگ و ساڵی جیاكردبێتەوە.
عەرەبەكان لەسەردەمی نەفامی و سەردەمی پێش ئیسلام ساڵ و مانگیان هەبووە و ناوگەلێكی جیاوازیان هەبووە كەلەگەڵ مانگە كۆچیەكان ناتەبایی زۆریان هەبووە، ناوی مانگە عەرەبیەكانی سەردەمی نەزانی بەم شێوەیە بەكار هاتووە:(موئتمر، ناجر، خوان، بسان(صوان)، حنتم (حنین)، زبی(زیا‌ء)، ئەصم، عادل، تافق(نافق)، وغل(واغل)، هواع(وزنە)، برك). لەبەر ئەوەی عەرەبەكان لەڕیزبەندی مانگەكاندا وەردبین نەبون و پاش و پێش یان نادروست دەیانخوێندنەوە. جگەلەوەش هۆزەكانی دیكەش مانگیان بەكاردەهێنا بەشێوازی خۆیان وەك هۆزی (ثمود) كەمانگەكانی خۆیان بەم شێوازە بەكاردەهێنا: (موجب، موجر، مورد، مازم، مصدر، هوبر، هوبل، موها‌ء، دیمر، دابر، حیفل، مسبل).
عەرەبەكان لەسەردەمی نەزانیدا ساڵی مانگیان بەكارهێناوەو، سەرەتای مانگەكانیان بەدیتنی مانگ دەستی پێكردوەو لەسەردەمی ئیسلامیشدا بەهەمان شێوە بووە، جگە لەمانەش تەنانەت شەوی مانگەكانیشیان بەناوی تایبەتی خۆیانەوە ناودەبرد، بۆ هەر سێ شەوێك لەمانگەكانی خۆیان ناوی جیایان دیاریكردبوو وەك:(سێ شەوی یەكەم(غرر)، سێ شەوی دووەم(نەقل)، سێ شەوی سێیەم(تسع)، سێ شەوی چوارەم(عشر)، سێ شەوی پێنجەم(بیض)، سێ شەوی شەشەم (درع)، سێ شەوی حەوتەم(ظلمه)، سێ شەوی هەشتەم(حنادس)، سێ شەوی نۆیەم (دئادی)، سێ شەوی دەیەم(محاق). هەر یەك لەم وشانە مانای تایبەتی خۆی هەبوو، وەك چۆن لەناو كورددا شەوی مانگەكان ناویان هەیە. بەم شێوەیە عەرەبەكانی پێش ئیسلام ناوی مانگەكانیان بەچەند شێوەیەكی جیاواز بەكاردەهێنا و كاروبارەكانی خۆیان پێ بەڕێدەكرد، تەنانەت ڕۆژی مانگەكانیش لەساڵی مانگیدا (29 یان 30)ڕۆژ بووە. لەوسەدەمەشدا مانگە عەرەبیەكانیان بەسەر چوار وەرزدا دابەشكردبوون سەرەتاكەی لەوەرزی پایزدا بوو كەبە(ربیع)ناسرابوو، پاشان (شتا‌ء و صیف و قیظ)دەهات، بەڵام لەسەردەمانی دواتردا ئەم شێوازە بەرەو كاڵبونەوە ڕۆشت و لەئیستادا ناوی وەرزەكان بەم شێوەیە بەكاردەهێنرێت: (الربیع ، الصیف ، الخریف، الشتا‌ء). جگە لەوەش ناوی ڕۆژەكانی هەفتەش لای عەرەبە كۆنەكانی سەردەمی نەزانی بەم شێوەیە بوون: شیار(شەممە)، أول(یەك شەممە)، أهون یان أهود(دوو شەممە)، جبار(سێ شەممە)، دبار(چوار شەممە)، مؤنس(پێنج شەممە)، عروبە(هەینی)، بەڵام ئەم ناوانە زانیاریەكی ئەوتۆیان لەبارەوە نەمان و لەئێستادا بەكار نایەن.
ڕووداوو ساڵەكانی سەردەمی پێغەمبەر وەك ڕۆژژمێر بەكاردەهاتن:
تەنانەت لەسەردمی پەیامبەری ئیسلام موسوڵمانان ساڵنامەیەكی دیاری كراویان نەبووە لەكاتێكدا ئەوان كۆچیان كردبوو بۆ مەدینەو خاوەن كیانی خۆیان بوو، هەر ساڵێك كەدەكەوێتە نێوان ڕووداوی كۆچ و مەرگی پێغەمبەر(ص) بەناوی ڕووداوێكی تایبەت كەلەو ساڵەدا ڕوویداوە جیایان كردبوویەوەو ناویان لەسەر دانابوو وەك: (یەكەم ساڵی دوای كۆچ (سنة الاذن) و ساڵی دووەم (سنة الامر بالقتال) و ساڵی سێیەم (سنة التمحیص) و ساڵی چوارەم (سنة الترفئة)و ساڵی پێنجەم (سنە الزلزال) و ساڵی شەشەم (استئناس) و ساڵی حەوتەم (سنة الاستغلاب) و ساڵی هەشتەم (سنة الاستوا‌ء) و ساڵی نۆیەم (سنة البرائة) و ساڵی دەیەم (سنة الوداع) و، ئەگەر یەكێك لەو ناوانە بهاتایەتە سەر زمانی موسوڵمانان بەس بوو تابڵێن ئەو ناوە ساڵی چەندی كۆچیە. بەم شێوەیە لەو سەردەمەشدا موسوڵمانەكان لەبری ساڵنامەیەكی دیاريكراو ئەم ناوانەیان دیاريدەكرد و بەكاریاندەهێنان.
وەك چۆن موسوڵمانان لەسەردەمی پێغەمبەردا(ص) ڕۆژژمێریان نەبوەو بەكاریان نەهێناوە، بەهەمانشێوە دوای كۆچی دوايی پێغەمبەرو لەسەردەمی یەكەمین خەلیفەی ئیسلام (ئەبوبەكری صدیق 11-13كۆچی)دا موسوڵمانان ڕۆژژمێریان نەبووە، ئەمەش لەبەر دوو هۆكاری سەرەكی بوو. یەكەم: ئەبوبەكری صدیق ماوەی خەلافەتەكەی زۆر كورت بوو، دووەم: جگەلەوەش لەو ماوەیەدا زۆر سەرقاڵبوو بەشەڕی هەڵگەڕاوەكان. ئەمانە هۆكاربوون كە خەلیفەی یەكەم بیر لەدانانی ڕۆژژمێر نەكاتەوە.
سەرەتای دانانی ڕۆژژمێر لەمێژووی موسوڵماناندا:
ئەوەی گرنگە ئاماژەی پێبكرێت ڕۆژژمێری كۆچی و چۆنیەتی دانانی ئەم ڕۆژژمێرەیە، ئەم ڕۆژژمێرە لەلایەن خەلیفەی موسوڵمانان (عومەری كوڕی خەتاب)ەوە دانراو كۆچی پێغەمبەری ئیسلام لەمەكەوە بۆ مەدینە هەڵبژارد، كەلەشەوی 27/28صەفەر دەستی پێكرد و لەڕێكەوتی 12ی ربیع الاول گەیشتە شاری مەدینە، یەكێك لەكارە باش و پێویستیەكان ئیمامی عومەر پێیهەستا بریتیبوو لەدانانی ڕۆژژمێری كۆچی بۆ خزمەتی زانست و موسوڵمانان بۆ بەكارهێنانی ساڵەكان، ئەمەش بویە دەروازەیەكی مێژووی گرنگ بۆ موسوڵمانان و مێژووی شارستانیەتی ئیسلامی.
هۆكارەكانی دانانی ڕۆژژمێری كۆچی:
لەدانانی ڕۆژژمێردا چەندین هۆكاری گرنگ هەبوون بۆئەوەی بیر لەوە بكرێتەوە كەموسوڵمانانیش ڕۆژژمێرێكیان هەبێت لەسەری بڕۆن و ڕووداوەكان تۆمار بكەن، بەتایبەت لەدوای كۆچكردن و وەفاتی پەیامبەر، لەگرنگترین ئەو هۆكارانەش فراوانبوونی خاكی دەسەڵاتی ئیسلامی و زۆربوونی ڕووداوەكان و فراوانبوونی سنورەكانی دەوڵەتی ئیسلامی و زۆر بوونی نوسراوەكان، لەلایەكی دیكەشەوە هۆكاری دیاریكردنی ڕۆژژمێری كۆچی دەگەڕێتەوە بۆ ئەوەی كە (شەعبی) دەگێڕێتەوە كە(ئەبوموسای ئەشعەری) نوسراوێكی نارد بۆ لای ئیمامی عومەر و ڕایگەیاند كەلەلای ئێوەوە نوسراومان بۆ دێت مێژوو و ڕێكەوتیان لەسەر نیە، جگە لەوەش (مەیمونی كوڕی مەهران) دەگێڕێتەوە كە بەڵگەنامەیەك برایە لای “ئیمامی عومەر”، لەكاتی جێبەجێكردنی مانگی شەعبان بوو، خەلیفەی موسوڵمانان فەرمووی لەكام شەعباندا هاتووە یان ئێمە لەكام شەعبانداین، لەپاشان فەرمووی بەهاوەڵەكان شتێك دابنێن بۆ خەڵكی كەبەهۆیەوە كاتەكان بناسن.
گرنگترین ڕاوبۆچونەكان بۆ دانانی ڕۆژژمێر:
لەكاتی دانانی ڕۆژژمێردا چەندین ڕاوبۆچوونی جیاواز هاتەئاراوە، ئەوەبوو خەلیفەی موسڵمانان (عومەری كوڕی خەتاب) لەساڵی (17)كۆچی پاش كۆبونەوە پرس و راوێژ و ڕاوەرگرتن لەهاوەڵان بۆ دیاریكردنی ڕووداوێك كەسەرەتای ڕووداوێكی گرنگ بێت لەمێژووی ئیسلامدا، لەو كۆبونەوەیەدا بۆ دیاریكردنی ساڵنامەی كۆچی چەند ڕاوبۆچونێكی جیاواز پەیدابوو وەك (یەكەم: ڕۆژی لەدایكبونی پەیامبەر. دووەم: سەرەتای هاتنی وەحی بۆ پەیامبەر. سێیەم: ڕۆژی كۆچی دوای پەیامبەر. چوارەم: هەندێك پێشنیازی ساڵی ڕۆمیان كرد، بەڵام وترا ئەوە لەكاتی زولقەرنەین شتی پێنوسراوە بۆیە ماوەكەی زۆر درێژە و پەسەند نەكرا. پێنجەم: هەندێكی دیكە وتیان لەمێژووی فارسەكانەوە بنوسن، بەڵام بۆ ئەوەش وترا هەر پاشایەك هاتوەتە سەر تەختی دەسەڵات مێژووی پاشاكەی پێش خۆی پشتگوێ خستوەو لەسەرتای پاشایەتی خۆیەوە مێژووی بەكارهێناوە) بەم چەشنە هیچكام لەپێشنیازەكان پەسەند نەكران، بۆیە سەرئەنجام كۆی بۆچونەكان لەسەر ئەوەبوون كەماوەی چەندە پەیامبەر لەمەدینە ماوەتەوە زانیان ماوەی (10)ساڵ ماوەتەوە ئەمەش كاتێكی نزیك و باوەڕپێكراو بوو بۆیە ساڵنامەی كۆچیان هەڵبژارد كەدەكاتە كۆچی پەیامبەر بۆ مەدینە، لەنێو ئەوانەشدا هەر یەك لە(عومەری كوڕی خەتاب و عەلی كوڕی ئەبو تالب و ئەبو موسای ئەشعەری) ئەو بۆچونەیان هەبوو كە ڕووداوی كۆچكردنی پەیامبەری ئیسلام لەمەكەوە بۆ مەدینە بكەنە سەرەتای ساڵی كۆچی وەك سەرەتای ساڵنامەی ئیسلامی. چونكە بەهۆیەوە دەوڵەت دامەزراو ساڵنامەكەش بۆ بەڕێوەبردنی دەوڵەت بەكارهات.
هۆكارەكانی دیاریكردنی ڕووداوی كۆچ لەمەكەوە بۆ مەدینە:
لەدیاریكردنی ڕووداوی كۆچ لەمەكەوە بۆ مەدینە چەند هۆكارێك هەبوون، لەڕاستیدا هۆكاری دیاریكردنی ئەم ڕووداوە واتە كۆچكردن لەمەكەوە بۆ مەدینە لەبەر ئەم هۆكارانەبوو كەبریتی بوون لە: (یەكەم: كۆچ(هیجرەت) گۆڕنێكی بنەڕەتی بوو لەپێغەمبەرایەتی و بەجێهێشتنی خۆشەویسترین وڵات و هاوبەشی صەحابەكان. دووەم:هۆكاری دامەزراندنی دەوڵەتی ئیسلام بەناوی دەوڵەتی مەدینە كەبویە یەكەمین دەوڵەتی ئیسلامی لەمێژووی موسوڵماناندا. سێیەم:لەلایەكی دیكەش بەڕاستی كۆچكردنی پەیامبەر جیاوازی خستە نێوان حەق و باتڵ. چوارەم: لەدوای كۆچ كاروبارەكانی ئیسلام بەباشی و بەڕاستی بەڕێوە چوون و، نەیارانی پەیامبەر شكستیان خوارد لەو پیلانەی كەبۆ پەیامبەریان دانانبوو ڕزگاری بوو)، لەسەر ئەم بنەمایەش ئەوەی ڕاست و بەناوبانگە ئەوەیە خەلیفەی موسوڵمانان عومەری كوڕی خەتاب فەرمانی كرد بەدانانی ڕۆژژمێرێكی ئیسلامی بۆ موسوڵمانان ئەویش (ڕۆژژمێری كۆچی) بوو سەرەتای ڕۆژژمێرەكەش دیاریكردنی رۆژی(1ی موحڕەم) بوو، بەمەش ڕۆژی (1)ی موحەڕەم دیاریكراو بوو بەسەرەتای هەموو ساڵێكی كۆچی لەمێژووی ئیسلام و موسوڵماناندا ئەمەش لەڕوانگەی مێژووییەوە، بەمەش ڕۆژژمێری ئیسلامی بەڕۆژژمێری كۆچی ناسراو لە(1)ی موحەڕەمی ساڵی كۆچی واتە(1/1/1) دەست پێدەكات، كەبەرامبەرە بەڕۆژی(16ی تەموزی 622) زاینی ئەمەش لەڕوانگەی ڕۆژژمێرو ژمارەوە، لەو كاتەشەوە ساڵنامەی كۆچی بویە ساڵنامەیەكی باوەڕپێكراوی مێژوویی بۆ موسوڵمانانی جیهان بەگشتی و دەوڵەتی عەرەب و ئیسلامی بەتایبەتی، بەمشێوەیە لەو سەردەمەوە تا ئێستاش كار بەم ڕۆژژمێرە دەكرێت و لەپەرەسەندندایە.
ساڵنامەی كۆچی ساڵنامەیەكی ئاینیە و لەسەر گۆڕانكاری مانگ بنیاتنراوە و مانگەكانیش بەبینینی مانگ دەست پێدەكەن و ساڵی بۆ دوازدەمانگ دابەشكردووە، بەمەش ڕۆژمێری كۆچی لە(12) مانگ پێكدێت واتە هەر ساڵێكی كۆچی دەكاتە (354) ڕۆژ و بەتەواوەتی بریتیە لە(354.367056) ڕۆژ، مانگەكانیش لەم ڕۆژژمێرەدا (29) یان (30) ڕۆژە (لەبەر ئەوەی خولی مانگی ئەكاتە(29.530588ڕۆژ) بەمەش ساڵنامەی كۆچی 11 ڕۆژ جیاوازی هەیە لەگەڵ ساڵنامەی زاینیدا، واتە كۆی ڕۆژەكانی ساڵنامەی كۆچی 11 ڕۆژی كەمترە لە كۆی ڕۆژەكانی ساڵنامەی زاینی.دوای ئەوەی موسوڵمانان ساڵی كۆچیان دیاری كردو سودیان لەمانگەكانی پێشتر بینی بەم شێوەیە لەو سەردەمەوە مانگەكان بەم شێوازە دیاری كران و بەكار هاتن.دەست پێكردنی سەرەتای مانگەكان لەساڵی مانگیدا بەبینی مانگ دەست پێدەكات و بە ونبون و دیار نەمانی مانگ كۆتایی دێت و سەرەتای مانگی نوێ دەست پێدەكات.ئێستا لەنێو جیهانی ئیسلامیدا ناوی مانگەكانی ساڵنامەی كۆچی بەم شێوەیەو بەم ڕیزبەندیە بەكاردەهێنرێت و كاری پێدەكرێت. ئەوەی گرنگە ئاماژەی بۆ بكرێت ئەویش ئەوەیە ژمارەی ڕۆژەكان لەم ڕۆژمێرەدا 29 یان 30 ڕۆژە و هەندێك جاریش گۆڕانكاری لەژمارەی ڕۆژەكان ڕوو دەدات، ئەمەش بەهۆی دواكەتن و درەنگ بینینی مانگ ڕوودەدات لەبەر نالەباری كەش و هەواو شوێنی جوگرافی وڵاتان.ژمارەو مانگ و ڕۆژەكانی مانگی ساڵنامەی كۆچی بەم شێوەیە هاتوون: (محرم 30 ڕۆژ، صفر29 رۆژ، ربیع الاول 30 ڕۆژ، ربیع الثانی (ربیع الاخرە) 29 ڕۆژ، جمادی الاول 30 ڕۆژ، جمادی الاخرە 29 ڕۆژ، رجب 30 ڕۆژ، شعبان 29 ڕۆژ، رمضان 30 ڕۆژ، شوال 29 ڕۆژ، ذو القعدة 30 ڕۆژ ، ذو الحجة 29 ڕۆژ.
واتای ناوی مانگە عەرەبیەكان:
1- موحەڕەم: مانگی یەكەمە لەڕۆژژمێری كۆچیدا، یەكێكە لەو چوار مانگەی شەڕو كوشتاری ناوخۆیی لەدورگەی عەرەبی بەتایبەت لەشارەكانی وەك(مەككە و مەدینە) تێیدا حەرامە و، بەهیچ شێوەیەك شەڕی تێدا ئەنجام نەدراوە لەبەر ئەوە بەموحەڕەم (قەدەغەكراو) ناونراوە.
2- صەفەر:لەم مانگەدا عەرەبەكان دەستیان دەكرایەوە و دەردەچون بۆ شەڕی ناوخۆیی شاروگوندەكان چۆڵ دەكران و بەرەو شەڕو هەرا دەڕۆیشتن و دەیاندا بەسەر یەكتردا و بێبەزەییانە شاڵاویان دەبردە سەر یەكتر، دەوترا عەرەب لەمەككە دەرچون گەڕەك و ماڵەكان چۆڵ دەبون(اصفرت الدیار)، واتە كەسی تێدا نەما لەبەر ئەوە بە صەفەر ناودەبرا و سفر دەبونەوە لەخەڵكو دەردەچون بۆ غەزوو. بەواتایەكی دیكەش لەترسی دەست پێكردنەوەی شەڕ ڕەنگیان زەرد هەڵدەگەڕا.
3- رەبیعی یەكەم و ڕەبیعی دووەم: رەبیع لەعەرەبیدا بەمانای بەهاردێت. ئەمەش لەكاتی بەهاری ئەو سەردەمەدا بووەو لەوەرزی بەهارد ناونراوە، گژوگیا سەوز دەبوون لەبەر ئەوە بە(رەبیعی یەك ورەبیعی دووەم) واتە بەهاری یەكەم و بەهاری دووەم ناودەبران.
4- جەمادی یەكەم و جەمادی دووەم: لەبەر ئەوەی ئەم دوومانگە لەزستاندا بوون و لەو سەردەمەدا ئاو بەستویەتی لەبەر زوقم و سەرما، لەبەر ئەوە بەناوی(جەمادی) ناونراون واتە مانگی بەستووی یەكەم ودووەم.
5- رەجەب: لەسەردەمی نەفامیدا عەرەب زۆر بەگەورەو پیرۆزیان زانیەوەو وازیان لەشەڕ و كوشتار هێناوەو شەڕ قەدەغە دەكرا، لەبەر ئەوە بەڕەجەب واتە(وەستانی جەنگ یان لەكوشتار وەستان) ناودەبرا.كەلە وشەی(رجبت الشئ- ترسان لەشتێك)ەوە هاتووە.
6- شەعبان:دوای پشووی یەك مانگە دیسان عەرەبەكان دەستیان دەكرایەوە، بەشبەش بوون بۆ هێرش و پۆل بەپۆل دەستیان دەكردەوە دزی و تاڵانی و وێرانكاری ئەمەش بۆ پەیداكردنی دەستكەوتی خۆیان و پەیداكردنی ئاو بۆ ئاودانی ئاژەڵەكانیان، ئەمەش بەشەعبان بەواتای جیابوونەوەو دەستكرانەوە ناو دەبرا.
7- رەمەزان: لەكۆندا ناتقی پێوتراوە، كاتێك ناوەكەیان گۆڕا كەوتە مانگێكی گەرم، (مضاء) واتە زۆر گەرم، ئەمەش لە (الرمضاء)ی عەرەبیەوە هاتووە كە ئەوپەڕی گەرما دەگرێتەوە و ناوی مانگەكە لەو كاتە نراوە بەرەمەزان یان گەرما ناونراوە. عەرەبەكانی سەردەمی نەزانی ئەم ڕۆژەیان زۆر بەگەورە دەزانی.
8- شەوال: لەكلك گرتنی حوشتری(مێ)وە هاتووە، حوشتر كلك بەرزدەكاتەوە(اشالە)ی دەكرد داوای دروستبوون دەكات. یان بەواتای وشككردنی شیری وشترەكان وتراوە كاتێك شیرەكەیان وشكی دەكرد. لەبەر ئەوە بەشەوال ناونراوە.
9- زولقەعدە: ئەمەش لە(قعود) واتە دانیشتنەوە یان دانیشتن هاتووە، بەواتای دانیشتن و پشوودان و دوركەوتنەوە لەشەڕ هاتووە(اقعد و عن القتال).ئەم مانگە یەكێكە لەمانگە حەرامەكان و شەڕكردن تێیدا حەرام كراوە.
10- زولحەجە: لەكاتی حەجكردنی ئەو ڕۆژانەدا ناونراوە، چونكە مانگی حەجكردنە و جەژنی قوربانی تێدایە، عەرەبەكان لەكۆندا حەجیان ئەنجامداوە لەهەموو لایەكەوە خەڵك هاتوون بۆ حەج و سەرقاڵی حەج و زیارەت و تەوافبوون، لەبەر ئەوە بەمانگی حەج ناونراوە.

پێویستە لێرەدا ئەوەش بخرێتەڕوو كەلە ئێستادا شانشینی عەرەبی سعودی تاكە دەوڵەتە لەجیهاندا كەڕۆژژمێری كۆچی وەك ڕۆژژمێری فەرمی بەكاردەهێنێت، ئەوەی گرنگە ئاماژەی پێبكرێت ئەوەیە كەلەماوەی 86 ساڵی مێژووی شانشینی عەرەبی سعودی (ساڵنامەی كۆچی) وەك ساڵنامەی فەرمی دەوڵەت كاری پێكراوە، بەڵام لەئێستادا ئەنجومەنی وەزیرانی سعودیە بڕیاریداوە ئیدی لەدابەشكردنی موچەی فەرمانبەران و مامەڵەداراییەكان ڕۆژژمێری زاینی بەكار بهێنرێت.

پەراوێزەكان:

1- لەهەندێك سەرچاوەدا ئاماژە بە (43) خولەك دەكات.
2 – هارونی كوڕی مەعروف دەگێڕێتەو و دەڵێت:عەبدولعەزیەی كوڕی محەمەد بۆی گێڕاینەوە كەعوسمانی كوڕی عوبەیدوڵا وتی: گوێم لەسەعدی كوڕی موسەیەب بوو فەرمووی:ئیمامی عومەر كۆچەران و یاریدەدەرانی كۆكردەوەو پێی فەرمون لەكەیەوە مێژوو بنوسین لەوەڵامیدا عەلی كوڕی ئەبوتالب فەرمووی لەساتەوەختی دەرچوونی پەیامبەر لەزەوی هاوەڵدانانەوە بۆخوا، جالەبەر ئەوە ئیمامی عومەر ئەوەی پەسەندكرد و نوسی.
3- لێرەدا پرسیارێك دێتە پێشەوە ئەوەیش ئەوەیە لەكاتێكدا پەیامەبەری ئیسلام لەمانگی صەفەردا كۆچی كرد بۆ مەدینە بۆچی مانگی موحەڕەم كرا بە یەكەمین مانگی ساڵنامەی كۆچی لەبری مانگی صەفەر؟ لەكورتترین وەڵامدا ئاماژە بەوە دەكرێت موسوڵمانان كۆدەنگ بوون لەسەر ئەوەی مانگی موحەڕەم وەك مانگی یەكەم بمێنێتەوە، بەسیفەتی ئەوەی لەسەردەمی پێش ئیسلامدا مانگی موحەڕەم یەكەمین مانگی بەكارهاتووی ساڵ بووە لەبەر ئەوە وەك خۆی هێشتیانەوە.لەگەڵ ئەوەشدا هەر وەك چۆن ئیمامی عومەر ڕاوێژی كرد بەهاوەڵان بۆ دیاریكردنی ساڵێك بۆ دانانی ساڵنامەی ئیسلامی ئاواش ڕاوێژی پێكردن بۆ دیاریكردنی مانگێك بۆ سەرەتای یەكەمین مانگی ساڵنامەكە و چەندین ڕا هەبوو وەك(هەندێك وتیان مانگی ڕەمەزان لەبەر ئەوەی لەو مانگەدا قورئان هاتوەتەخوارو مانگی سروش(وەحی) و، سەرەتای دەسپێكردنی بانگەوازیش لەم مانگەدابووەو گەورەترین مانگیشە. هەندێكی دیكە وتیان مانگی رەبیعو ئەول لەبەر ئەوەی لەو مانگەدا پەیامبەر گەیشتە مەدینە.بەڵام هەر یەك لە(عومەر و عوسمان و عەلی) یەك دەنگ بوون كەمانگی موحەڕەم یەكەم مانگی ساڵی كۆچی بێ، لەبەر ئەوەی پێش ئەو مانگە مانگی(زیلحیجە)یەو موسوڵمانان ئەركەكانیان جێبەجێ دەكەن و تەواوكەری پایەكانی دینە، جگە لەوەش پەیماندانی ئەنصارەكان و دڵ دامەزراندنیان لەسەر كۆچ لەم مانگەدابووە.
4- لەهەندێك سەرچاوەكاندا ڕۆژی 19ی تەموزی 622 زاینی دیاری كراوە، بەڵام بەپێی زۆر بەی سەرچاوەكان 16ی تەموز دیاریكراوەو ئەم ڕۆژە ڕاسترە.
5- هەموو نەتەوەكان بەعەرەب و عەجەمەوە لەسەر ئەوە كۆكن كەژمارەی مانگەكانی ساڵ 12 مانگە، لەم بارەیەوە مەسعودی دەڵێت:(ژمارەی مانگەكان لای عەرەب و هەموو عەجەم 12مانگە)ئەمەش بەو وتەیەی خوای گەورە پشت ڕاست دەبێتەوە كە دەفەرموێت:(ان عدە الشهور عند الله اثنا عشر شهرا في كتاب الله یوم خلق السماوات والارض)، سورە التوبە الایە(36)
6- ئەبونەسر فەراهی لەشیعرێكدا ناوی ئەم دوازدە مانگەی ساڵی مانگی بەم شێوەیە هیناوە:
موحەڕەم كەبڕوات دێتەوە مانگی ســەفەر
دوو ڕەبیع و دوو جەمـادی دێنەسەر
پاش ڕەجەب شەعبان و ڕەمەزان و شــوالە
جا زیـقەعدە و زیحەجە بـخەنە ئاخـر

Check Also

ئافرەتە زاناكانی كورد
لە نێو لاپەڕەكانی مێژووی ئیسلامدا

عەبدوڵڵا مەلا ئەحمەد، ئەحمەدئاواییئەگەر سەرنجێك لە مێژووی بەرفراوانی ئیسلام بدەین، بە تایبەتی لاپەڕەكانی شەخسیەتناسی و …

171 کۆمێنت

  1. levofloxacin 250mg drug order levofloxacin online

  2. buy avodart 0.5mg online buy dutasteride online cheap buy generic ondansetron 4mg

  3. buy aldactone 25mg pills spironolactone pills diflucan 100mg cost

  4. ampicillin 250mg over the counter buy ampicillin 500mg pills buy erythromycin

  5. order sildenafil 50mg generic order tamoxifen 20mg for sale cheap robaxin

  6. cheap sildenafil viagra sildenafil 25mg oral estradiol

  7. purchase lamotrigine without prescription lamotrigine 50mg pills retin gel ca

  8. order tadalis 20mg for sale buy tadalis 10mg pill cheap voltaren

  9. buy accutane pills purchase amoxicillin sale buy zithromax 250mg for sale

  10. indocin 75mg pills indomethacin sale amoxicillin 250mg tablet

  11. usa cialis sales drugs and medications buy generic sildenafil 100mg

  12. anastrozole 1mg cheap is amlodipine besylate like viagra purchase sildenafil sale

  13. cialis 20mg comprimГ© sildenafil 25mg generique pas cher sildenafil 100mg en france

  14. deltasone 10mg over the counter deltasone 20mg cheap sildenafil for sale

  15. tadalafil für männer viagra 50mg generika rezeptfrei kaufen viagra kaufen ohne rezept

  16. buy isotretinoin 20mg sale stromectol order ivermectin 3 mg stromectol

  17. oral provigil 200mg buy acetazolamide 250 mg online cheap acetazolamide 250 mg cost

  18. doxycycline 100mg generic order doxycycline 200mg online buy furosemide 40mg for sale

  19. buy ramipril 10mg for sale clobetasol over the counter order azelastine 10ml online

  20. catapres 0.1mg pills meclizine 25mg price tiotropium bromide ca

  21. buspirone 10mg over the counter buspar 5mg price buy ditropan 5mg

  22. hytrin 5mg cheap order actos 30mg generic cheap sulfasalazine 500mg

  23. order fosamax 70mg without prescription fosamax 35mg canada buy pepcid 40mg online cheap

  24. benicar 10mg pill diamox cost diamox 250 mg cost

  25. prograf canada labetalol 100mg sale ursodiol cost

  26. oral imdur micardis pills purchase telmisartan sale

  27. buy bupropion 150mg generic cost zyban 150 mg buy quetiapine generic

  28. molnunat drug prevacid 15mg without prescription order prevacid online

  29. oral sertraline 100mg kamagra pill sildenafil brand

  30. imuran 100mcg price sildenafil fast shipping sildenafil 100mg generic

  31. cialis 10mg uk viagra for sale philippines cheap sildenafil pill

  32. real cialis pills order cialis 20mg sale order symmetrel 100 mg for sale

  33. revia us oral abilify aripiprazole 20mg us

  34. order dapsone online buy fexofenadine without prescription order aceon pills

  35. medroxyprogesterone 5mg usa medroxyprogesterone 5mg over the counter cyproheptadine 4 mg cheap

  36. buy modafinil generic buy modafinil 100mg online side effects of ivermectin

  37. fluvoxamine 100mg tablet buy nizoral 200mg generic glucotrol generic

  38. isotretinoin cost purchase amoxicillin online cheap order deltasone 20mg pills

  39. order piracetam 800mg for sale buy sildenafil pill sildenafil us

  40. buy azithromycin 500mg online neurontin 100mg canada buy neurontin 100mg for sale

  41. levitra or cialis viagra 100mg pills for sale sildenafil dosage

  42. buy lasix 40mg online cheap buy generic lasix 100mg buy plaquenil without prescription

  43. canadian cialis and healthcare clomipramine without prescription order clomipramine online

  44. chloroquine medication chloroquine cheap olumiant 2mg canada

  45. sporanox pills itraconazole cost tindamax 300mg price

  46. glycomet 500mg price cialis ca tadalafil 40mg uk

  47. buy olanzapine 10mg generic valsartan 80mg valsartan for sale online

  48. norvasc 5mg pills amlodipine 10mg without prescription tadalafil 40mg drug

  49. clozapine order online purchase combivent online cheap buy decadron 0,5 mg without prescription

  50. viagra 100mg pills for sale order viagra online cheap cost lisinopril

  51. buy zyvox 600mg for sale best casino online casinos

  52. prilosec 10mg sale casino games live casino slots online

  53. metoprolol 100mg usa cost levitra 10mg order levitra 10mg generic

  54. help with thesis best website for writing essays play slots online

  55. levitra 20mg price buy vardenafil for sale medrol order

  56. buy an essay online cheap research paper help online order sildenafil 50mg online cheap

  57. buy clomiphene without prescription albuterol pill money games

  58. cialis 40mg without prescription tadalafil 10mg tablet sildenafil in usa

  59. order triamcinolone generic aristocort usa desloratadine generic

  60. buy priligy 60mg pill buy synthroid 75mcg sale buy synthroid 100mcg pill

  61. cialis 10mg cheap brand tadalafil 40mg sildenafil cost

  62. purchase orlistat generic order acyclovir 400mg online cheap order acyclovir online

  63. order tadalafil 5mg generic order inderal buy plavix online cheap

  64. allopurinol 300mg generic ezetimibe order online purchase ezetimibe sale

  65. order methotrexate 10mg for sale methotrexate price oral metoclopramide 20mg

  66. motilium ca purchase motilium online order flexeril online cheap

  67. buy cozaar 25mg pill buy nexium 20mg generic topiramate 200mg uk

  68. Sopfreedo

    With a no-nonsense name, Bitcasino is the fifth-best online Bitcoin casino. Its website, like its name, is simple and to the point. However, it offers all the games that players could need and is one of the few casino sites to offer esports betting. There are multiple casino bonuses for new and existing players at 7Bit Casino. Below, we’ll review all promotions that are available right now. We know it’s a hassle to switch browsers but we want your experience with TODAY to be fast, secure and the best it can possibly be. The online casino Bitcasino.io has a remarkable standing and a higher ranking of user reviews when it comes to other online casinos in the market space. Established in 2014, it supports Bitcoin and gradually other cryptocurrencies. This was before online casinos started adopting digital tokens making them a pioneer in the wagering market realm. Currently, it employs Evolution Gaming software for its gaming category. So, go further with this Bitcasino.io Review to find out their absolute offerings. http://voyager.temp.domains/~fre2cre8/forum/profile/margretsalas27/ Sadly, no – not all gambling sites will accept cryptocurrencies. That’s why we’ve put together a list of online casino sites that carry out crypto transactions without any hassle. That is essentially what many did with cryptocurrency: they forgot to sell when they had already won, and if you think $100,000 is a lot to lose, you have not met Brian Armstrong, who lost 3.8 billion dollars in less than three days in some coin I have never heard about. In those conditions, as a public ledger, blockchain networks maintain records of all gaming transactions- payouts, wins, and losses in a both transparent and immutable manner. This process eliminates the risk of fraud and provides legitimacy by displaying the record and transitional history of every user which is inalterable.

  69. purchase baclofen sale toradol cost cost toradol

  70. sumatriptan 50mg drug buy avodart 0.5mg without prescription dutasteride canada

  71. colchicine tablet black jack card game free poker online free

  72. zantac 150mg generic celecoxib pills celecoxib 200mg tablet

  73. slot machines pala casino online real online blackjack

  74. Hello bro!Click here…

  75. buy tamsulosin without prescription buy generic aldactone 100mg oral spironolactone 25mg

  76. purchase tadalafil pill acillin over the counter ciprofloxacin 1000mg for sale

  77. buy generic zocor 10mg finasteride for sale online proscar 1mg brand

  78. metronidazole 400mg over the counter generic clavulanate bactrim 480mg brand

  79. fluconazole 100mg usa fluconazole price order generic viagra 50mg

  80. brand keflex 250mg purchase erythromycin generic buy erythromycin pills

  81. tadalafil uk order viagra 100mg generic generic viagra 50mg

  82. purchase sildenafil generic purchase sildenafil for sale cialis usa

  83. oral cefuroxime 250mg order methocarbamol 500mg sale order methocarbamol generic

  84. blackjack online us cialis 10mg canada order cialis 20mg without prescription

  85. desyrel 100mg brand aurogra over the counter order sildenafil 100mg generic

  86. Shayne VkBRGEdalraHKwPLSE 6 17 2022 purchase kamagra in u s a ibuprofen IV increases levels of streptomycin by decreasing renal clearance

  87. help writing research paper buy a custom essay ivermectin for human

  88. sildalis generic sildenafil tablets buy lamictal

  89. deltasone 5mg price purchase amoxil pill amoxil us

  90. order viagra sale cheap viagra sale buy tadalafil 20mg pill

  91. sugarhouse casino online top ed pills buy cialis 40mg for sale

  92. buy azithromycin 250mg pills azithromycin uk gabapentin 600mg price

  93. 2 3 Tbs freshly ground flaxseed a spice grinder works great aromatase inhibitors vs tamoxifen com 20 E2 AD 90 20Captopril 20E 20Viagra 20 20Viagra 20Tablet captopril e viagra Not so fast

  94. blackjack card game buy modafinil sale order modafinil for sale

  95. lasix medication furosemide 40mg without prescription brand plaquenil 400mg

  96. buy sildenafil rhinocort canada buy budesonide generic

  97. order tretinoin gel online cheap purchase tadalis order avanafil pill

  98. price of lasix 06 nmol L, respectively, at baseline, 2, and 6 weeks after Ang II in celecoxib group, mean SEM, n 3 15; Figure 4E and 4F levels were elevated by the infusion with Ang II and returned to normal levels after the washout period in both control and celecoxib treated mice

  99. oral tadacip 10mg indomethacin 75mg for sale indocin 50mg without prescription

  100. naproxen 500mg price naproxen 250mg generic lansoprazole pill

  101. BrianTam

    Got a new job or your current employer is asking you to take the “regular” drug test? Ah well, we have all been there. Drug tests are common in many countries, especially in the United States. The employer wants the workplace to be drug-free and the employees in the right state of mind to perform their tasks.
    However, for a frequent cannabis or THC user, this can be a cause of concern. We mean, who doesn’t like to unwind and relax a bit after a long hard day of work? Unfortunately, these tests are mandatory, and you have to pass them in order to keep your job.
    Fret not, as we have a solution. THC detoxing is how you can pass a drug test with flying colors. Not sure how this works? We are here to help. We have curated a list of the best THC detox products that will flush the toxins out of the system and will give you a clean slate. You can go with the one that best suits your requirements.
    You will also get to know about the process of detoxification and how drug tests work if you are taking one for the first time. Also, we will be telling you about alternative methods in case you are out of time. Read on.
    Best THC Detox Methods
    Detox Drinks – Best THC Detox Method
    Detox Pills – Dazzling Pills For THC Detox
    Detox Shampoo – Reliable THC Detox Kit
    Now that you have an overview of what we have in store for you, let’s talk about these best THC Detox products in detail:
    #1. Detox Drinks: Best THC Detox Method
    If you don’t have time for a five or a 10-day cleanse, you can use a detox drink to rid your body of all the drug residues. It is a fast-acting treatment that can be done on the same day as your test. THC detox drinks are effective and efficient.
    We recommend the Rescue Cleanse detox drink, which is a tried and tested formula to pass a drug test. It is one of the most popular drinks in the market right now and is preferred by many customers.
    Rescue Cleanse is a one-step drink that is available in cranberry and apple flavor. The drink is made by Clear Choice and is often referred to as Clear Choice Detox. It has to be taken on the day of the test. It is prepared using natural ingredients. It removes the toxins from your bloodstream, which are then filtered out by the liver to be completely eliminated from the body as you urinate.
    A strong drink, Rescue Cleanse flushes out the harmful toxins from your body in just one hour. You will be in the “clear zone” for the next five hours to take the test and pass it. Please note that maximum effectiveness is achieved within the first hour of drink consumption. Therefore, it’s best to take the test within this time frame.
    The 32 oz drink is suitable for those over 200 lbs. If you weigh less, we recommend you go for a 17oz bottle instead. These detox drinks are specifically designed to detox people by their weight. You should be off all the toxins for at least 48 hours before consuming the drink.
    As compared to competitors, the Rescue Cleanse drink is affordable. You can also buy a test panel to take a self-test before you go to the center.
    How to use:
    Do not eat or drink anything, including water, for at least 4 hours before consuming the drink.
    For the best flavor, keep the bottle refrigerated before using.
    Shake well and consume the entire bottle. Do it at your own pace, not all at once.
    Wait for 60 minutes for the detox to take effect.
    Urinate frequently during this time to eliminate THC toxins.
    After this one hour, you will be in the clear zone for the next five hours to take the test.
    Continue avoiding food and beverages except for water.
    Pros
    Contains natural and safe ingredients
    Tastes good
    Reliable and effective
    Comes with instructions
    Good customer service
    Cons
    The effect wears out after 5 hours
    Click here to visit the official website of Rescue Cleanse
    #2. Detox Pills: Dazzling Pills For THC Detox
    Unless there has been a recent incident, your employer will give you advance notice before scheduling a drug test. THC Detox pills should be effective if you have 5-15 days before the test. They boost your body’s metabolism, allowing it to eliminate toxins more quickly and effectively. Needless to say, you have to strictly stay off all toxins or drugs during this time period.
    THC Detox pills are usually part of a program that you need to follow for a few days. For instance, a Toxin Rid program ranges from 1 day to 14 days. It all depends on what kind of THC user you are and also your height, weight, and metabolism. Toxin Rid has programs of all types for users: Light, moderate, and heavy.
    As mentioned above, one of the most popular THC detox kits is Toxin Rid. It is prepared with vitamins, minerals, and herbs, all-natural ingredients that are safe for consumption. The Toxin Rid program is divided into three parts: Tablets, Detox Liquid, and a Dietary Fiber Supplement.
    Normally, THC can stay in your body for about 30 days, and Toxin Rid can expedite the process of flushing out the toxins. It can also be a way to get clean once and for all. The pills are to be taken every few hours and with every tablet, the THC traces are removed from your system.
    This detox program requires a lot of effort and dedication. To make sure you are ready for the test, you can buy a home test.
    Note: Refrain from heavy exercise while on the detox program as it makes it difficult to expel toxins from your body.
    How to use (Detox Program)
    Tablets:
    Take three tablets after every five hours daily. Gulp them down with water, and do not take more than 15 tablets a day.
    Drink half a gallon of water and eat fresh fruits and vegetables.
    Detox Liquid:
    Take the liquid two hours after your last set of rid tablets on the final day of your drug detox.
    Take half of the detox liquid with 8 to 16 ounces of distilled water or orange juice.
    Wait for 2 hours before taking the remaining half of the detox liquid.
    Do not eat or drink anything during this time period.
    Dietary Fiber Supplement (Optional):
    Mix the dietary fiber in 8 ounces of distilled or filtered water.
    Drink within two minutes.
    After 15 minutes of consuming this mixture, drink 16 ounces of water.
    Urinate two-three times within the next hour to flush THC toxins out of your system.
    If your employer requires a saliva drug test, you should use Toxin Rid Mouthwash. It is a powerful solution that can remove drug traces from your mouth in just 30 minutes, allowing you to pass the saliva drug test.
    Pros
    Is prepared with natural ingredients
    Works for almost all drugs
    Suits light, heavy, and moderate drug users
    Easy to consume
    Comes with instructions
    Cons
    Has potential side effects
    Click here to visit the official website of Detox Pills
    #3. Detox Shampoo: Reliable THC Detox Kit
    Although urine tests are the most commonly used method of drug testing in the workplace, some employers may request a hair follicle drug test. Did you know that? Drug traces can remain in your hair follicles for up to 90 days. They take either a chunk or a single hair from the roots or follicle for testing.
    Once you consume THC, it travels through your bloodstream, interacting with various molecules before getting logged into your body’s tissue like the hair follicles. So, how do you remove the THC traces from your hair for the drug test? We recommend one of the best THC detox shampoos that you can use to rinse your hair and pass a drug test. Enter: Old Style Aloe Toxin Rid Shampoo.
    It is a potent and effective shampoo that removes all THC toxins from your hair. Because of the presence of Aloe in the shampoo, it is gentle on your hair and removes THC traces without causing any damage. It’s a deep cleansing formula that gently removes residual buildup, pollutants, chemicals, and other impurities from the hair. It’s crucial to wash your hair thoroughly and remove all the older layers of oil.
    You can pair it up with Ultra Clean Shampoo. Use it on the day of your test for effective results. Please note that you need to use THC detox shampoo at least 15 times before taking a test. Also, it is recommended to not use any previously used items on your hair to avoid the reintroduction of toxins.
    How to use:
    Apply the Old Style Aloe Toxin Rid Shampoo to your moistened hair.
    Massage it on your hair and scalp thoroughly.
    Leave it on for about ten to fifteen minutes.
    Rinse with lukewarm water.
    Use the shampoo every day for 3-10 days for optimal results.
    Pros
    Easy to use
    Gentle on the hair
    Clears the hair off any toxins
    Has no side effects
    Cons
    Can only be purchased online
    #4. Apple Cider Vinegar
    Apple Cider Vinegar is another detox method you can use to rid the body of unwanted toxins. It lowers the THC traces and other chemicals. It also has antibacterial properties that help in the process of elimination of foreign particles from the body. ACV is also a common and effective method to clean up the THC build-up from the hair follicles and help you pass a hair drug test.
    ACV can be a viable detox option for those who do not wish to take THC detox drinks or pills. Although research on the potential side effects of Apple Cider Vinegar is limited, it should have no side effects when consumed in low doses. However, if you are taking any medications, we recommend that you consult with a doctor before beginning ACV detox.
    Apple Cider Vinegar detox is unquestionably a less expensive way to eliminate THC traces in your system. However, it may be less effective for heavy cannabis users. It is not as potent as other THC detox methods that have yielded the best results.
    How to use:
    Mix 8 ounces of distilled water with two-three tablespoons of apple cider vinegar.
    Sweeten with organic honey, stevia, or maple syrup. This will make it easier for you to consume the drink.
    It is safe to consume 1-2 tablespoons of ACV every day.
    To use as a hair wash
    Mix half a cup of ACV with a cup full of water and rinse thoroughly on all the days before your hair drug test.
    Pros
    Improves digestion
    Works as an immunity booster
    Easy to consume
    Can be used for both urine and hair follicle drug test
    Has no potential side effects if consumed in low doses
    Cons
    It may not be as effective as other detox methods
    5. Home Remedies
    While THC detox drinks and pills are effective methods of ridding your body of toxins, there are a few home remedies that can be helpful with the least amount of side effects. Some kitchen ingredients that, when used correctly, can help you pass a drug test. They expel THC toxins from your body. You can simply add these liquid detox drinks to your daily wellness routine for the best results.
    Lemon Juice
    Lemon Juice and water make for an excellent detox drink that can be easily prepared at home. The juice is rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, therefore making the detox method healthy and free of any side effects. It is used to flush THC toxins out of your body, and you are most likely to feel hydrated and refreshed after this.
    Lemon Juice detox will effectively clean your pee from all the THC particles and help you pass the urine drug test with ease. This method does not work for blood, saliva, and hair follicle drug tests.
    Please note that this THC detox drink usually works for only light Cannabis and THC users. If you are a moderate and heavy user, we suggest you go for alternative detox methods as lemon juice and water will only dilute your urine which may lead to your sample getting rejected.
    How to use:
    Add one tablespoon of lemon juice with 500 ml of water and mix well.
    Drink this mixture 7-8 times on all days before the test.
    Cranberry Juice and water
    Cranberry Juice and water are one of the best THC detox methods that can be prepared at home. It has antioxidant properties that make it a trusted way to pass a drug test. But same as the lemon juice + water detox, this also works for light users. Also, cranberry juice water is not something that can help you pass a drug test on short notice.
    This detox drink is easy to prepare and is quite healthy. It promotes gut health and is a low-calorie concoction. Make sure you drink plenty of fluids as a way for toxins to get out of your body through urine. This is why it is better to do this detox at home or in a comfortable place with easy access to the washroom. You also need to stay away from THC during this detoxification process.
    How to use:
    Add cranberry juice, preferably a sugar-free one to a glass half-filled with ice.
    You can also add Apple Cider Vinegar for a tart flavor.
    Top with diced fresh fruits if you like.
    Drink almost two liters of juice the entire day.
    Urinate as frequently as required to cleanse your urine of THC metabolites.
    Note: Take a Vitamin B supplement after the Cranberry juice cleanses to make the color of your urine look normal. This will prevent suspicion and also your sample won’t get rejected.
    Pros
    Good source of Vitamin C
    Boost metabolism
    Reduce the toxin levels in the blood
    Have antibacterial properties
    No side effects
    Cons
    It may not be as effective
    What is Detoxification?
    Detoxification is the process of ridding your body of harmful toxins such as drugs, THC, and other foreign elements. It is a natural process that can be induced through a detox program, a clean diet, or an exercise routine.
    However, if you have a drug test coming up in a few days, it’s better to resort to other methods. You can try out detox drinks, detox pills, detox shampoo, or some home remedies. We will be discussing them in this article.
    Buyer’s Guide
    Got a drug test scheduled in the coming days but still haven’t decided on how to go about the THC detoxification process. We can help. Now that you know your options, let’s understand how we chose the best THC detox products for you.
    Speed of results
    You may not always have a week or two before the drug test. This is why you should choose THC detox products that provide effective results in a short period of time. We have compiled a list of products that work quickly. In addition, if you are a moderate or heavy user, you can select a THC detox kit based on the number of days until the test.
    Effectiveness
    There is no scarcity of detox products in the market and when it is your career on the line, you’d want the most effective one. We have listed the THC detox products that have proven their potency over the years. These formulas are potent and reliable to help you pass the drug test.
    Ingredients
    When it comes to THC detoxification, we suggest products that are prepared with natural ingredients only. There shouldn’t be any artificial flavors, colors, or sweeteners. Moreover, these THC detox products should expel the toxins without causing any damage to your body. You should only go for safe and reliable brands.
    Comprehensive detox programs
    If you are a heavy or moderate THC user, a simple detox drink or pill may not be enough to help you pass the test. You may need to use comprehensive detox programs like Toxin Rid to completely cleanse your system and increase your chances of passing the test. They also include a home test panel so you can ensure if the detox was effective or not before the actual test.
    Ease of use
    We have suggested user-friendly THC detox products for those who may not have time to prepare them at home. You simply mix them with distilled water and consume them as directed. However, for effective results, make sure you carefully follow the instructions.
    Customer reviews
    Customer reviews can make or break a product. While putting together this list, we went through several reviews to understand if it is actually effective. As a consumer, we recommend you read through them yourself as well before making the purchase.
    Pricing
    Detox products are available in a variety of price ranges. But to be honest, some of them can be really expensive. We have included both expensive and affordable options in the list after extensive research. Choose the one that best meets your needs.
    Types of Drug Tests
    Although most workplaces ask for a urine drug test, some would want to take saliva, blood, or a hair follicle test. These are the four types of drug tests based on the biological sample you provide for testing. Let’s talk about them in detail:
    Urine Drug Test
    A urine test is the most common type. You provide a urine sample for this test, which is then sent to the laboratory. Professionals examine it for the presence of THC, opioids, opiates, alcohol, methamphetamines, and other substances.
    Depending on your employer, this test can be either supervised or unsupervised. Urine is tested using indicators such as temperature, creatinine, color, and pH, which typically change over time.
    Saliva Drug Tests
    A saliva drug test is the quickest and easiest way to detect drugs. Also known as a swab test, it can trace cocaine, opiates, and methamphetamines. The test is most likely to detect marijuana if you have consumed it within the last 10 hours.
    Blood Drug Test
    Blood tests are a good old and reliable way of detecting drugs and alcohol in your system. It can detect alcohol from up to 24 hours ago and weed/THC from up to three weeks ago. It is used to trace marijuana, amphetamines, opiates, cocaine, nicotine, methamphetamine, and other drugs.
    Hair Follicle Drug Test
    Drug traces can be found in their hair follicles for up to three months (90 days). This is often the case with long-term drug users. To perform this test, a single strand or chunk of your hair is taken from the root or follicle. The results take longer to come out, and it cannot track drugs consumed in less than five days.
    Marijuana, cocaine, opiates, methamphetamines, and PCP are all detected using this test. These drugs enter the bloodstream and are frequently deposited in the hair follicles.
    How to Choose the Best THC Detox Kit?
    We explained why we chose the THC detox products for you in the buyer’s guide above, right? Now in this section, we will help you understand the factors you should consider when selecting a detox kit. Take a look:
    Body weight
    THC detox supplements, pills, and drinks are made for people who are either under or over a certain weight. For example, a 32 oz bottle of Rescue Cleanse is appropriate for users weighing more than 200 lbs.
    The difference is usually of time. The detox process takes longer for heavier people as THC gets stored in the fat cells of our bodies. This is why they are recommended to opt for THC detox kits that need to be used for 10 days or more for a full cleanse.
    People who weigh less than 200 lbs can opt for a shorter detox program because the detox works faster on them.
    Metabolism
    Metabolism is another factor that influences the length and type of detox you should pursue. A 48-hour THC detox solution should suffice for those with a quick metabolism. Users with a slow metabolism may require a 10-day or longer detox program.
    It’s simple: faster metabolism equals faster toxin removal from the body.
    Frequency of use
    Cannabis users are classified into three categories: light, moderate, and heavy. The frequency with which you consume THC determines which THC detox product is best for you.
    For instance: If you are a moderate or heavy user, a strong detox drink like Rescue Clean and a Toxin Rid program can help you cleanse your system.
    If you are a light user, however, a short Toxin Rid program and even home remedies like lemon juice and cranberry juice water can be beneficial.
    Underlying health conditions
    Although the best THC detox kits are made with natural ingredients and are completely safe to use, they may not suit everyone.
    For example, Caffeine is a stimulant and may not be suitable for people with heart problems. Furthermore, high-sugar THC detox products, such as cranberry juice, can cause diabetic patients’ blood sugar levels to rise.
    If you have a pre-existing medical condition, it is best to consult a doctor before beginning any detox program. You should also thoroughly research the product’s ingredients to ensure you are not allergic to any of them.
    Try the Following Methods if You Don’t Have Time for THC Detox
    Cleansing your body off the THC metabolites using natural detox methods is a time-consuming process. Not everyone is given prior notice before a drug test. Therefore, they have to resort to the following alternative methods:
    Drug test at home
    Drug test kits can be purchased and kept at home to see if the THC detox is effective before the actual test. It will help you determine if there are traces of THC left in your system. You can test in the privacy of your own home. You do not need to get tested elsewhere or spend extra money before your employer’s test.
    Cannabis remains in your system for at least seven days after consumption. Take the test as many times until you get a negative. These tests are usually accurate.
    The kit is easy to use. Here’s how you can test at home:
    Open the box and take out the marijuana test stripe.
    Make sure the pouch is at room temperature before you open it.
    Keep the urine sample ready.
    Dip the end of the test panel with an arrow in the urine sample for 10-15 seconds.
    Here’s how to analyze the result:
    Two lines: The result is negative
    One line: The result is positive
    No lines: Invalid result, Retest with a new kit
    Synthetic Urine
    Too late for a detox? Then, your last resort is synthetic urine. For those of you who don’t know, synthetic urine is artificial pee created in a laboratory. It resembles human pee in terms of color, smell, and appearance.
    Synthetic urine contains real urine constituents such as uric acid, urea, creatinine, and so on. It is completely toxin-free, allowing you to pass the urine drug test. You can replace your natural pee with synthetic urine, and you’ll be fine. It can be difficult to sneak fake urine into the testing facility, but it is not impossible.
    There are two types of synthetic urine:
    Powdered Urine: This synthetic urine comes in powdered form and must be turned into pee by adding water to it. It is usually dehydrated urine that looks and smells like regular pee. It has a longer shelf life as compared to liquid synthetic urine. One disadvantage of this urine is that if not properly prepared, it can result in a failed drug test.
    Liquid Urine: Also known as premixed urine, liquid urine is easy to use. It is suitable for sudden urine drug tests as you don’t have to prepare anything. However, you will have to warm it up before submitting the sample to the testing center.
    Here are a few synthetic urine brands you can choose from:
    Test Clear
    A reliable brand, Test Clear uses dehydrated urine as its product. This means you get actual human pee just in the powdered form. It automatically has the real pee constituents like urea, uric acid, creatinine, etc. You just need to add water, warm it up and submit the sample.
    Sub Solution
    Sub Solution powdered synthetic urine kit is one of the most popular products in the market at the moment. It is made of 11 chemical compounds, including urea, uric acid, creatinine, and others. It also includes a patent heat activator formula that quickly raises the temperature of the urine to match the body’s temperature.
    Clear Choice Incognito Belt
    Clear Choice is one of the best synthetic urine brands out there. Their urine comes in liquid form, making it easy to use. It’s difficult to sneak fake pee inside the testing facility, but this Incognito Belt will help you carry it without anyone noticing. To raise the temperature of the urine, use the heat pad that comes with the kit.
    Quick Luck Fake Pee
    Quick Luck Premium Synthetic Urine Kit has the term “premium” in its name because of a reason. It comes in liquid form, thus saving you from the hassle of mixing. It is user-friendly and can be heated with ease before submitting the sample.
    Urinator
    One of the most common reasons for fake pee being rejected is that it is not the proper temperature. The Urinator is a device that aids in the temperature regulation of your urine. It includes a powdered urine sample as well as an IV bag to sneak the urine inside the testing facility.
    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
    Q. How to speed up the THC detox?
    You can speed up the THC detox process by drinking plenty of water, eating fresh fruits and vegetables, and engaging in light exercise on a regular basis. You must also urinate frequently in order to flush drug traces from your system. However, make sure that these activities do not interfere with your detox program.
    Q. Which is the most effective THC detox method?
    A mixed detox works well for an effective THC detox. Detox kits contain a variety of THC detox supplements that work together to lower the toxin levels in your body. Toxin Rid is one of the best THC detox programs that can help you get the toxins out of your system completely. It consists of detox pills, detox liquid, and a dietary fiber supplement. Drink plenty of water and urinate frequently to flush the THC metabolites from your body. This will help you easily pass a drug test.
    Q. How long does cannabis stay in your body?
    Cannabis can be detected in your body fluids like urine for 3-30 days. It can stay in your hair follicles for up to three months.
    Q. Do THC Detox pills work?
    Yes, THC detox pills are most effective if you have 5-15 days before a drug test. They are one of the best THC detox products that have to be taken at regular intervals. Detox pills work by increasing the body’s metabolism and thus pushing toxins out of the body. You must take the pills for at least one day to achieve the best results.
    Q. Should I change my diet while on a cleanse to pass a drug test?
    Most THC detox kits come with dietary instructions and guides that work best with the cleansing process. Make sure you eat a clean and balanced diet and also indulge in light exercise for effective results.
    Q. How can you detox from drugs while pregnant?
    When you are pregnant, detoxing is more than just passing a drug test. Toxins in your body are harmful to the fetus and must be eliminated as soon as possible for your and your baby’s health. In this condition, traditional detox kits and products may not be the best option for you. Consult your doctor for advice on safe detox methods.
    Q. How fast do detox pills work?
    A good detox pill will clean your system of toxins in one to two hours and keep you clear for the next six hours.
    Q. How is THC stored in the body?
    As THC is fat soluble, it gets entrapped in the fat cells of our body. It then breaks down and enters the bloodstream. This is why it doesn’t get metabolized easily to make its way out with the waste products of the body. THC is most likely to stay longer in the system of people with a high body mass index.
    Q. Is detox tea effective for Weed/THC?
    Detox teas are diuretics, which means they make you pee more frequently. They aid in the cleansing of the kidneys, allowing you to pass a drug test. However, detox tea may not be effective in removing toxins from the body. Instead, it masks them so that the cannabinoids in the urine cannot be identified.
    Also, it can cause the creatinine levels in the sample to fluctuate, which can alert the lab technician.
    Q. How to pass a saliva drug test?
    A saliva drug test is most likely to detect cannabis if you have consumed it within the last 10 hours. You can use Toxin Rid Mouthwash to pass such a test.
    Take a sip from the mouthwash and swish it around your mouth for 15 seconds.
    Repeat this process 2-3 times or until the bottle is empty.
    Once done, take the test within the next 30 minutes.
    Do not drink or eat anything during this time period.
    Conclusion
    As THC is a psychoactive component of Cannabis, it can affect your ability to work and function. This has led to many employers testing their employees for it. If you are an avid Cannabis user, it is a cause of great concern. There are several THC detox methods that can help cleanse your system before the drug test.
    We have suggested to you the best THC detox products in the market using which you no longer have to worry about failing a test. Most of them work effectively and efficiently. The best part is that all the products are safe for use and won’t harm your body in the long run. Get started on your THC detox as soon as possible for optimal results.

    https://googleee.com

  102. biaxin over the counter order catapres generic buy antivert 25mg online

  103. albuterol 100 mcg brand buy cipro generic cipro price

  104. order tiotropium bromide 9mcg pill hytrin order buy hytrin 5mg for sale

  105. cost montelukast order viagra 100mg sale cheap sildenafil pill

  106. Pretty! This has been a really wonderful post. Many thanks for providing these details.

  107. order cialis 40mg online Free trial of cialis buy cialis 10mg online

  108. cialis 40mg oral Cialis women planning poker online

  109. лайки на вк бесплатно
    взаимные лайки на стену вконтакте

    накрутка лайков в вк на аву

  110. order stromectol dapsone ca dapsone 100 mg uk

  111. This was beautiful Admin. Thank you for your reflections.

  112. order adalat 10mg sale order nifedipine without prescription generic fexofenadine 120mg

  113. Good post! We will be linking to this particularly great post on our site. Keep up the great writing

  114. I am truly thankful to the owner of this web site who has shared this fantastic piece of writing at at this place.

  115. blackjack card game roulette games free online blackjack no download

  116. Great information shared.. really enjoyed reading this post thank you author for sharing this post .. appreciated

  117. I’m often to blogging and i really appreciate your content. The article has actually peaks my interest. I’m going to bookmark your web site and maintain checking for brand spanking new information.

  118. altace 10mg for sale glimepiride 1mg price etoricoxib 60mg uk

  119. very informative articles or reviews at this time.

  120. best online casino usa affordable essay writing help with assignments uk

  121. doxycycline 100mg ca purchase cleocin pill cleocin ca

  122. assignments for sale generic leflunomide 20mg order azulfidine 500 mg online

  123. order asacol asacol 800mg usa buy irbesartan sale

  124. Phedo

    #7 Quais equipes foram rebaixadas de Serie C, Girone A na temporada 22/23?As equipes rebaixadas de Serie C, Girone A na temporada 22/23 sГЈo L.R. Vicenza, Pordenone. Nas arquibancadas, os torcedores e torcedoras iranianas vaiaram o hino durante a execução. Esse Г© apenas mais um capГ­tulo da crise polГ­tica que assola do paГ­s e tem reverberado no futebo Primeiro gol dos Estados Unidos na Copa do Mundo de 2022 foi marcado por filho de ex-melhor do mundo Liga Europa UEFA Cannot collect videos from this channel. Please make sure this is a valid channel ID. Se fechar treino ganhasse copa, os ingleses seriam campeхes, sempre Lula passa por cirurgia no Hospital SГ­rio-LibanГЄs para retirar lesГЈo em prega vocal O seu endereГ§o de e-mail nГЈo serГЎ publicado. Campos obrigatГіrios sГЈo marcados com *
    http://xn--999-5cdet0cirx.xn--p1ai/user/u5agdrr868
    VocГЄ procura palpites de futebol? #resultado #deunoposte #mg alvorada #resultado do jogo do bicho minas gerais de hoje Perto da virada do sГ©culo 20, Sigmund Freud, o pai da psicanГЎlise, acreditava que sonhos fossem mensagens do inconsciente. Para ele, “as interpretações dos sonhos sГЈo a estrada real para entender as atividades do inconsciente”, escreveu. O propГіsito dos sonhos, segundo ele, era realizar desejos reprimidos. Desse modo, ele criou o “Livro dos Sonhos”. Futebol.com é simplesmente o melhor site de placar ao vivo brasileiro. Aos 31 minutos, o árbitro também chegou a mostrar o vermelho para o Alisson, depois do goleiro cometer falta em Valencia. Ao ser chamado pelo VAR, porém, ele mudou de ideia e apresentou apenas o amarelo. A partir de então, o jogo caiu de rendimento e passou a ficar bem truncado.

  125. temovate cost purchase buspirone pill amiodarone usa

  126. buy benicar generic buy depakote 500mg pills brand divalproex

  127. That’s good, but I still don’t understand the purpose of this page posting, no or what and where do they get material like this.

  128. diamox 250mg drug azathioprine online azathioprine uk

  129. Hi there to all, for the reason that I am genuinely keen of reading this website’s post to be updated on a regular basis. It carries pleasant stuff.

  130. buy lanoxin 250mg pills order lanoxin generic brand molnupiravir

  131. That’s good, but I still don’t understand the purpose of this page posting, no or what and where do they get material like this.

  132. Good post! We will be linking to this particularly great post on our site. Keep up the great writing

  133. There is definately a lot to find out about this subject. I like all the points you made

  134. order amoxil 500mg pill purchase stromectol ivermectin 6 mg for people

  135. carvedilol 6.25mg usa coreg 6.25mg pills buy amitriptyline online cheap

  136. order priligy 30mg for sale order avanafil without prescription buy motilium online

  137. I think this post makes sense and really helps me, so far I’m still confused, after reading the posts on this website I understand.

  138. order generic fosamax 35mg purchase fosamax generic ibuprofen cheap

  139. This is my first time pay a quick visit at here and i am really happy to read everthing at one place

  140. buy indomethacin 75mg without prescription cheap tamsulosin 0.4mg purchase cenforce online

  141. pamelor order panadol ca buy paxil pill

  142. order doxycycline 100mg without prescription buy doxycycline 200mg without prescription methylprednisolone 16 mg tablet

  143. order famotidine pill cost tacrolimus 5mg order mirtazapine without prescription

  144. buy ropinirole 2mg online trandate 100 mg generic buy generic labetalol

  145. tadalafil 10mg over the counter order clopidogrel 150mg for sale trimox for sale online

  146. I like the efforts you have put in this, regards for all the great content.

  147. I just like the helpful information you provide in your articles

  148. fenofibrate 160mg usa order tricor 160mg pills sildenafil 50mg oral

  149. purchase nexium without prescription buy generic nexium 20mg furosemide 40mg generic

  150. teW

    It was previously known as the European Cup, which began in 1955-56 season with 16 teams participating and was renamed the Champions League in 1992-93 season with the number of participants rising throughout the decades. The Champions League was first held in the 1955-56 season but was known as the European Cup, which started with just 16 teams. Spanish giant Real Madrid was the first club to win the competition after beating French team Stade de Reims in the final. The UEFA Champions League, originally named the European Cup before it was changed to its current name prior to the 1992-93 season, has been around since 1955, with 22 different champions from 13 different countries. Real Madrid is by far the team with the most titles, with 14, followed by AC Milan with seven. 
    https://wiki-stock.win/index.php?title=Soccer24_livescores_online_England
    Tottenham Hotspur striker Harry Kane is still of interest to Bayern Munich and the Bundesliga giants were impressed with his performance in Sunday’s North London Derby defeat at the Tottenham Hotspur Stadium, Bild journalist Christian Falk, who has a transfer column for CaughtOffside, has told GiveMeSport. Tottenham Hotspur have secured a spot in the quarterfinals of the Carabao Cup after defeating Chelsea on penalties in an entertaining fourth-round encounter. The game ended… Tottenham Hotspur have announced that their women’s first team will play their home games at Brisbane Road Stadium, home of Leyton Orient FC, from the start of the 2022/23 season.Information Guide Nigeria Last season eight fans were arrested at the club’s White Hart Lane ground for racially aggregated offences including three for using the ‘Yid’ term, although in March the Crown Prosecution Service discontinued cases against the trio.

  151. cialis from canada buy viagra 50mg sale viagra 150mg for sale

  152. purchase minocycline capsules terazosin 5mg drug hytrin 1mg oral

  153. buy metformin generic glycomet 500mg for sale nolvadex 10mg for sale

  154. Hi there to all, for the reason that I am genuinely keen of reading this website’s post to be updated on a regular basis. It carries pleasant stuff.

  155. I very delighted to find this internet site on bing, just what I was searching for as well saved to fav

  156. provigil 100mg cheap order generic stromectol promethazine order

  157. buy clomid online cheap buy generic prednisolone 10mg prednisolone online

  158. buy prednisone 10mg generic order amoxicillin 500mg online amoxicillin cheap

  159. buy accutane 20mg pills order deltasone 40mg pills buy ampicillin 250mg generic

  160. buy generic fildena 100mg buy lyrica online cheap propecia 5mg pill

  161. ivermectin 0.2mg stromectol 3mg ca order prednisone pills

  162. I just like the helpful information you provide in your articles

  163. order ondansetron 4mg sale buy zofran without prescription purchase bactrim for sale

  164. buy accutane 40mg pills absorica over the counter buy zithromax for sale

  165. ventolin inhalator order online order synthroid 150mcg generic order amoxiclav online

  166. very informative articles or reviews at this time.

  167. prednisolone for sale online order neurontin generic purchase lasix pill

  168. order modafinil pills buy metoprolol 100mg pills purchase metoprolol without prescription

  169. doxycycline 200mg pills order zovirax 400mg generic order zovirax 400mg

  170. I really like reading through a post that can make men and women think. Also, thank you for allowing me to comment!

  171. I very delighted to find this internet site on bing, just what I was searching for as well saved to fav

وەڵامێک بنووسە

پۆستی ئەلکترۆنیکەت بڵاو ناکرێتەوە . خانە پێویستەکان دەستنیشانکراون بە *